Designed as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and physical sciences who are seeking a general overview of surface science, this book also provides the necessary background for researchers just starting out in the field. It covers all the most important aspects of modern surface science, from the experimental background and crystallographic basics to modern analytical techniques and applications to thin films and nanostructures. All topics are presented in a concise and clear form accessible to a beginner. At the same time, the coverage is comprehensive and at a high technical level, with emphasis on the fundamental physical principles. Numerous examples, references, practice exercises, and problems complement this remarkably complete treatment, which will also serve as an excellent reference for researchers and practitioners.
A master course in modern physics, from the world-class physicist and father of string theory Susskind and citizen-scientist Hrabovsky. Combines clear explanations of the laws of the universe with basic exercises such as equations and maths.
Quantum field theory provides the theoretical backbone to most modern physics. This book is designed to bring quantum field theory to a wider audience of physicists. It is packed with worked examples, witty diagrams, and applications intended to introduce a new audience to this revolutionary theory.
The first book-length exploration of the most exciting development in modern physics, the theory of 10-dimensional space. The theory of hyperspace, which Michio Kaku pioneered, may be the leading candidate for the Theory of Everything that Einstein spent the remaining years of his life searching for.
Bergmann/Schaefer Compact - a new edition designed to meet the needs of bachelor students in physics. The first volume covers the content of the first year of the bachelor course - mechanics and heat. Exercises as well asa modern design facilitate the understanding of basic physical principles. Basierend auf dem Klassiker Bergmann/Schaefer wurde unser Standardwerk für das Physik-Studium den neuen Anforderungen angepasst. Band 1 des Bergmann-Schaefer kompakt enthält die prüfungsrelevanten Inhalte für das erste Jahr des Bachelor-Studiums der Physik. Das Studienbuch deckt die Themengebiete Mechanik und Wärme ab und umfasst damit viele aus dem täglichen Leben bekannte Phänomene. Experimente und Übungsaufgaben helfen beim Einstieg in grundlegende Arbeitsweisen der Physik und verdeutlichen das Zusammenwirken von Experiment und Theorie beim Aufspüren physikalischer Gesetzmäßigkeiten. Die neue Konzeption sowie das moderne Layout des Bergmann/Schaefer kompakt bieten Studierenden die im Haupt- und Nebenfach Physik studieren eine gute Grundlage zum studienbegleitenden Lernen sowie zur Prüfungsvorbereitung.
John Taylor has brought to his new book, Classical Mechanics , all of the clarity and insight that made his Introduction to Error Analysis a best-selling text. Classical Mechanics is intended for students who have studied some mechanics in an introductory physics course and covers such topics as conservation laws, oscillations, Lagrangian mechanics, two-body problems, non-inertial frames, rigid bodies, normal modes, chaos theory, Hamiltonian mechanics, and continuum mechanics. A particular highlight is the chapter on chaos, which focuses on a few simple systems, to give a truly comprehensible introduction to the concepts that we hear so much about. At the end of each chapter is a large selection of interesting problems for the student, classified by topic and approximate difficulty, and ranging from simple exercises to challenging computer projects. Taylor´s Classical Mechanics is a thorough and very readable introduction to a subject that is four hundred years old but as exciting today as ever. He manages to convey that excitement as well as deep understanding and insight.
The classic textbook on fluid mechanics is revised and updated by Dr. David Dowling to better illustrate this important subject for modern students. With topics and concepts presented in a clear and accessible way, Fluid Mechanics guides students from the fundamentals to the analysis and application of fluid mechanics, including compressible flow and such diverse applications as aerodynamics and geophysical fluid mechanics. Its broad and deep coverage is ideal for both a first or second course in fluid dynamics at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level, and is well-suited to the needs of modern scientists, engineers, mathematicians, and others seeking fluid mechanics knowledge. Over 100 new examples designed to illustrate the application of the various concepts and equations featured in the text A completely new chapter on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) authored by Prof. Gretar Tryggvason of the University of Notre Dame. This new CFD chapter includes sample MatlabTM codes and 20 exercises New material on elementary kinetic theory, non-Newtonian constitutive relationships, internal and external rough-wall turbulent flows, Reynolds-stress closure models, acoustic source terms, and unsteady one-dimensional gas dynamics Plus 110 new exercises and nearly 100 new figures
This self-contained textbook with exercises discusses a broad range of selected topics from classical mechanics and electromagnetic theory that inform key issues related to modern accelerators. Part I presents fundamentals of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism for mechanical systems, canonical transformations, action-angle variables, and then linear and nonlinear oscillators. The Hamiltonian for a circular accelerator is used to evaluate the equations of motion, the action, and betatron oscillations in an accelerator. From this base, we explore the impact of field errors and nonlinear resonances. This part ends with the concept of the distribution function and an introduction to the kinetic equation to describe large ensembles of charged particles and to supplement the previous single-particle analysis of beam dynamics. Part II focuses on classical electromagnetism and begins with an analysis of the electromagnetic field from relativistic beams, both in vacuum and in a resistive pipe. Plane electromagnetic waves and modes in waveguides and radio-frequency cavities are also discussed. The focus then turns to radiation processes of relativistic beams in different conditions, including transition, diffraction, synchrotron, and undulator radiation. Fundamental concepts such as the retarded time for the observed field from a charged particle, coherent and incoherent radiation, and the formation length of radiation are introduced. We conclude with a discussion of laser-driven acceleration of charged particles and the radiation damping effect. Appendices on electromagnetism and special relativity are included, and references are given in some chapters as a launching point for further reading. This text is intended for graduate students who are beginning to explore the field of accelerator physics, but is also recommended for those who are familiar with particle accelerators but wish to delve further into the theory underlying some of the more pressing concerns in their design and operation.
For thirty years this has been the acknowledged standard in advanced classical mechanics courses. This classic text enables students to make connections between classical and modern physics - an indispensable part of a physicist´s education. In this new edition, Beams Medal winner Charles Poole and John Safko have updated the text to include the latest topics, applications, and notation, to reflect today´s physics curriculum. They introduce students to the increasingly important role that nonlinearities play in contemporary applications of classical mechanics. New numerical exercises help students to develop skills in how to use computer techniques to solve problems in physics. Mathematical techniques are presented in detail so that the text remains fully accessible to students who have not had an intermediate course in classical mechanics. Product Description For 30 years, this book has been the acknowledged standard in advanced classical mechanics courses. This classic book enables readers to make connections between classical and modern physics ? an indispensable part of a physicist´s education. In this new edition, Beams Medal winner Charles Poole and John Safko have updated the book to include the latest topics, applications, and notation to reflect today´s physics curriculum. Features + Benefits The classic approach of this leading text has been revised and updated without increasing the overall length of the book. NEW - NEW! Chapter 11 on classical chaos theory builds from the Hamilton-Jacobi theory to introduce nonlinear dynamics and fractal dimensionality as it relates to classical mechanics. REVISED! Chapter 7 now presents special relativity using the standard real metric (in lieu of the complex Minkowski space) and coordinate-free notation, and includes a brief introduction to the concepts of general relativity. UPDATED! A section on the Euler and Lagrange exact solutions to the three-body problem has been added to Chapter 3. UPDATED! A section on the damped driven oscillator as an example of the workings of the Josephson junction has been added to Chapter 6. REVISED! Chapter 12 on Canonical Perturbation Theory has been streamlined and the mathematics has been simplified. NEW - NEW! Approximately 45 new problems, mostly in Chapters One through Eight and Eleven. Problem sets are now helpfully divided into ´´Derivations´´ and ´´Exercises.´´ 1. Survey of the Elementary Principles. 2. Variational Principles and Lagrange´s Equations. UPDATED! 3. The Central Force Problem. 4. The Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion. 5. The Rigid Body Equations of Motion. UPDATED! 6. Oscillations. REVISED! 7. The Classical Mechanics of the Special Theory of Relativity. 8. The Hamiltonian Equations of Motion. 9. Canonical Transformations. 10. Hamilton-Jacobi Theory and Action Angle Variables. NEW! 11. Classical Chaos. REVISED! 12. Canonical Perturbation Theory. 13. Introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Formulations for Continuous Systems and Fields. Appendixes. Select Bibliography. Index. For thirty years this has been the acknowledged standard in advanced classical mechanics courses. This classic text enables students to make connections between classical and modern physics - an indispensable part of a physicist´s education. In this new edition, Beams Medal winner Charles Poole and John Safko have updated the text to include the latest topics, applications, and notation, to reflect today´s physics curriculum. They introduce students to the increasingly important role that nonlinearities play in contemporary applications of classical mechanics. New numerical exercises help students to develop skills in how to use computer techniques to solve problems in physics. Mathematical techniques are presented in detail so that the text remains fully accessible to students who have not had an intermediate course in classical mechanics.
In this textbook a combination of standard mathematics and modern numerical methods is used to describe a wide range of natural wave phenomena, such as sound, light and water waves, particularly in specific popular contexts, e.g. colors or the acoustics of musical instruments. It introduces the reader to the basic physical principles that allow the description of the oscillatory motion of matter and classical fields, as well as resulting concepts including interference, diffraction, and coherence. Numerical methods offer new scientific insights and make it possible to handle interesting cases that can´t readily be addressed using analytical mathematics; this holds true not only for problem solving but also for the description of phenomena. Essential physical parameters are brought more into focus, rather than concentrating on the details of which mathematical trick should be used to obtain a certain solution. Readers will learn how time-resolved frequency analysis offers a deeper understanding of the interplay between frequency and time, which is relevant to many phenomena involving oscillations and waves. Attention is also drawn to common misconceptions resulting from uncritical use of the Fourier transform. The book offers an ideal guide for upper-level undergraduate physics students and will also benefit physics instructors. Program codes in Matlab and Python, together with interesting files for use in the problems, are provided as free supplementary material.