This text is primarily intended to accompany an advanced undergraduate course in atomic physics. However, the elementary atomic physics of the early chapters should be accessible to undergraduates first being introduced to the subject. Its experimental basis is strongly emphasized.
Being the most active field in modern physics, Optical Physics has developed many new branches and interdisciplinary fields overlapping with various classical disciplines. This series summarizes the advancements of optical physics in the past twenty years in the following fields: High Field Laser Physics, Precision Laser Spectroscopy, Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, Quantum Optics, Ultrafast Optics, Condensed Matter Optics, and Molecular Biophotonics.
Bergmann/Schaefer Compact - a new edition designed to meet the needs of bachelor students in physics. The first volume covers the content of the first year of the bachelor course - mechanics and heat. Exercises as well asa modern design facilitate the understanding of basic physical principles. Basierend auf dem Klassiker Bergmann/Schaefer wurde unser Standardwerk für das Physik-Studium den neuen Anforderungen angepasst. Band 1 des Bergmann-Schaefer kompakt enthält die prüfungsrelevanten Inhalte für das erste Jahr des Bachelor-Studiums der Physik. Das Studienbuch deckt die Themengebiete Mechanik und Wärme ab und umfasst damit viele aus dem täglichen Leben bekannte Phänomene. Experimente und Übungsaufgaben helfen beim Einstieg in grundlegende Arbeitsweisen der Physik und verdeutlichen das Zusammenwirken von Experiment und Theorie beim Aufspüren physikalischer Gesetzmäßigkeiten. Die neue Konzeption sowie das moderne Layout des Bergmann/Schaefer kompakt bieten Studierenden die im Haupt- und Nebenfach Physik studieren eine gute Grundlage zum studienbegleitenden Lernen sowie zur Prüfungsvorbereitung.
The book introduces readers to the concept of weightlessness and microgravity, and presents several examples of microgravity research in fluid physics, the material sciences and human physiology. Further, it explains a range of basic physical concepts (inertia, reference frames, mass and weight, accelerations, gravitation and weightiness, free fall, trajectories, and platforms for microgravity research) in simple terms. The last section addresses the physiological effects of weightlessness. The book´s simple didactic approach makes it easy to read: equations are kept to a minimum, while examples and applications are presented in the appendices. Simple sketches and photos from actual space missions illustrate the main content. This book allows readers to understand the space environment that astronauts experience on board space stations, and to more closely follow on-going and future space missions in Earth orbit and to Mars.
This book addresses the fascinating phenomena associated with nonlinear waves and spatio-temporal patterns. These appear almost everywhere in nature from sand bed forms to brain patterns, and yet their understanding still presents fundamental scientific challenges. The reader will learn here, in particular, about the current state-of-the art and new results in: Nonlinear water waves: resonance, solitons, focusing, Bose-Einstein condensation, as well as and their relevance for the sea environment (sea-wind interaction, sand bed forms, fiber clustering) Pattern formation in non-equilibrium media: soap films, chimera patterns in oscillating media, viscoelastic Couette-Taylor flow, flow in the wake behind a heated cylinder, other pattern formation. The editors and authors dedicate this book to the memory of Alexander Ezersky, Professor of Fluid Mechanics at the University of Caen Normandie (France) from September 2007 to July 2016. Before 2007, he had served as a Senior Scientist at the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Nizhny Novgorod (Russia). The chapters have been written by leading scientists in Nonlinear Physics, and the topics chosen so as to cover all the fields to which Prof. Ezersky himself contributed, by means of experimental, theoretical and numerical approaches. The volume will appeal to advanced students and researchers studying nonlinear waves and pattern dynamics, as well as other scientists interested in their applications in various natural media.
Fundamentals of Continuum Mechanics provides a clear and rigorous presentation of continuum mechanics for engineers, physicists, applied mathematicians, and materials scientists. This book emphasizes the role of thermodynamics in constitutive modeling, with detailed application to nonlinear elastic solids, viscous fluids, and modern smart materials. While emphasizing advanced material modeling, special attention is also devoted to developing novel theories for incompressible and thermally expanding materials. A wealth of carefully chosen examples and exercises illuminate the subject matter and facilitate self-study. Uses direct notation for a clear and straightforward presentation of the mathematics, leading to a better understanding of the underlying physics Covers high-interest research areas such as small- and large-deformation continuum electrodynamics, with application to smart materials used in intelligent systems and structures Offers a unique approach to modeling incompressibility and thermal expansion, based on the authors´ own research
E.F.F. Chladnis experiments and observations with sound and vibrations profoundly influenced the development of the field of Acoustics. The famous Chladni diagrams along with other observations are contained in Die Akustik , published in German in 1802 and Traité dAcoustique , a greatly expanded version, published in French in 1809. This is the first comprehensive translation of the expanded French version of Traité dAcoustique , using the 1802 German publication for reference and clarification. The translation was undertaken by Robert T. Beyer, PhD (1920-2008), noted acoustician, Professor of Physics at Brown University, and Gold Medal recipient of the Acoustical Society of America. Along with many other projects completed over the course of his career, Dr. Beyer translated Von Neumanns seminal work, Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics from the original German, spent 30 years translating Russian physics treatises and journals, served as editor of the English translation of the Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics , and also authored Sounds of our Times: Two Hundred Years of Acoustics .