The first of its kind, this book provides complete coverage of schlieren and shadowgraph methods. It is a practical book, for the scientist or technician who wants to use these methods. The book contains 48 colour plates Schlieren and shadowgraph techniques are basic and valuable tools in various scientific and engineering disciplines. They allow us to see the invisible: the optical inhomogeneities in transparent media like air, water, and glass that otherwise cause only ghostly distortions of our normal vision. These techniques are discussed briefly in many books and papers, but there is no up-to-date complete treatment of the subject. The book is intended as a practical guide for those who want to use these methods. Schlieren and shadowgraph techniques are basic and valuable tools in various scientific and engineering disciplines. They allow us to see the invisible: the optical inhomogeneities in transparent media like air, water, and glass that otherwise cause only ghostly distortions of our normal vision. These techniques are discussed briefly in many books and papers, but there is no up-to-date complete treatment of the subject before now. The book is intended as a practical guide for those who want to use these methods, as well as a resource for a broad range of disciplines where scientific visualization is important. The colorful 400-year history of these methods is covered in an extensive introductory chapter accessible to all readers.
The second edition of Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: A Practical Guide follows the highly successful first edition by F.G. Kitson, B.S. Larsen, and C.N. McEwen (1996), which was designed as an indispensible resource for GC/MS practitioners regardless of whether they are a novice or well experienced. The Fundamentals section has been extensively reworked from the original edition to give more depth of an understanding of the techniques and science involved with GC/MS. Even with this expansion, the original brevity and simple didactic style has been retained. Information on chromatographic peak deconvolution has been added along with a more in-depth understanding of the use of mass spectral databases in the identification of unknowns. Since the last edition, a number of advances in GC inlet systems and sample introduction techniques have occurred, and they are included in the new edition. Other updates include a discussion on fast GC and options for combining GC detectors with mass spectrometry. The section regarding GC Conditions, Derivatization, and Mass Spectral Interpretation of Specific Compound Types has the same number of compound types as the original edition, but the information in each section has been expanded to not only explain some of the spectra but to also explain why certain fragmentations take place. The number of Appendices has been increased from 12 to 17. The Appendix on Atomic Masses and Isotope Abundances has been expanded to provide tools to aid in determination of elemental composition from isotope peak intensity ratios. An appendix with examples on ´´Steps to follow in the determination of elemental compositions based on isotope peak intensities´´ has been added. Appendices on whether to use GC/MS or LC/MS, third-party software for use in data analysis, list of information required in reporting GC/MS data, X+1 and X+2 peak relative intensities based on the number of atoms of carbon in an ion, and list of available EI mass spectral databases have been added. Others such as the ones on derivatization, isotope peak patterns for ions with Cl and/or Br, terms used in GC and in mass spectrometry, and tips on setting up, maintaining and troubleshooting a GC/MS system have all been expanded and updated. Covers the practical instruction necessary for successful operation of GC/MS equipment Reviews the latest advances in instrumentation, ionization methods, and quantitation Includes troubleshooting techniques and a variety of additional information useful for the GC/MS practitioner A true benchtop reference A guide to a basic understanding of the components of a Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) Quick References to data interpretation Ready source for information on new analyses
Covers all aspects of electrical systems for nuclear power plants written by an authority in the field Based on author Omar Mazzoni´s notes for a graduate level course he taught in Electrical Engineering, this book discusses all aspects of electrical systems for nuclear power plants, making reference to IEEE nuclear standards and regulatory documents. It covers such important topics as the requirements for equipment qualification, acceptance testing, periodic surveillance, and operational issues. It also provides excellent guidance for students in understanding the basis of nuclear plant electrical systems, the industry standards that are applicable, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission´ rules for designing and operating nuclear plants. Electrical Systems for Nuclear Power Plants offers in-depth chapters covering: elements of a power system; special regulations and requirements; unique requirements of a Class 1E power system; nuclear plants containment electrical penetration assemblies; on-site emergency AC sources; on-site emergency DC sources; protective relaying; interface of the nuclear plant with the grid; station blackout (SBO) issues and regulations; review of electric power calculations; equipment aging and decommissioning; and electrical and control systems inspections. This valuable resource: * Evaluates industry standards and their relationship to federal regulations * Discusses Class 1E equipment, emergency generation, the single failure criterion, plant life, and plant inspection * Includes exercise problems for each chapter Electrical Systems for Nuclear Power Plants is an ideal text for instructors and students in electrical power courses, as well as for engineers active in operating nuclear power plants.
Marc-Uwe Kling (Superintendent of Soft Content), Michael Krebs (Manager of Musical Resources), Julius Fischer (Head of Cuteness), Boris the Beast (Controller of Pressure) und Onkel (Director of Timing) sind die Arbeitsgruppe Zukunft (kurz: AG ZUKUNFT (kürzer: AGZ)) und präsentieren nun auf normgroßem Tonträger ihre lang erwarteten Ergebnisse in Liedform. TOP 1: Was macht die AG Zukunft? Antwort: Die AGZ ist das führende Unternehmen für musikalische Analyse gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhänge (in Liedform/Songstruktur). Zum Einsatz kommen sowohl auditive Mittel (akustische Methoden) wie Rock´n´Roll, Punk und Popmusik als auch kognitive Stimuli wie Reime, Ironie und Interaktivität mit dem Konsumenten. TOP 2: Ist die Zukunft live oder auf CD? Antwort: Beides. Live-CD. TOP 3: Warum sollte man sich das anhören? Antwort: Laut Langzeitstudien schwedischer Wissenschaftler führt regelmäßiger Konsum von AGZ-Produkten zu einer signifikanten Verbesserung des Wohlbefindens. TOP 4: Warum arbeiten Kling, Krebs und Fischer jetzt zusammen? Eine teamorientierte Zukunft diversifiziert das Angebot und führt zu Produktivitätszuwachs. Kling, Krebs und Fischer sind Unternehmerfreunde. Durch Nutzung von Synergieeffekten schaffen sie aus singulärer Kompetenz Gruppenkompetenzkompetenz. TOP 5: Sind Kling (der Typ mit dem Känguru) und Fischer (´´Die schönsten Wanderwege der Wanderhure´´) nicht eigentlich Schriftsteller? Antwort: Die Zukunft erfordert Flexibilität am Arbeitsmarkt. TOP 6: Ist die Zukunft eigentlich schon da? Antwort: a) Zukunft hat noch nicht begonnen. b) Zukunft beginnt auch im nächsten Jahr nicht. c) Zukunft wird ein Viertel teurer als geplant. TOP 7: Wie wird die Zukunft? Antwort: Viel Schönes dabei.