Explains fundamental physics concepts, including mechanics, motion, conservation of energy, Newton´s laws, rotational dynamics, relativity, waves, and thermodynamics, while looking at how these ideas developed.
This text is primarily intended to accompany an advanced undergraduate course in atomic physics. However, the elementary atomic physics of the early chapters should be accessible to undergraduates first being introduced to the subject. Its experimental basis is strongly emphasized.
A textbook describing the physical environment of soil, including the movement of heat, water and gases. Transport problems are described mathematically, and methods for solving the problems, using original computer programs written in Python, are presented.
This comprehensive and well-written book provides readers through understanding of the principles of mechanics. The subject matter has been presented in simple language. The primary object of this book is to help students develop a clear understanding of the concepts of mechanics. Beginning within vectors, one dimensional and two dimensional motion, and particles dynamics including work and energy is explained.
This self-contained textbook with exercises discusses a broad range of selected topics from classical mechanics and electromagnetic theory that inform key issues related to modern accelerators. Part I presents fundamentals of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism for mechanical systems, canonical transformations, action-angle variables, and then linear and nonlinear oscillators. The Hamiltonian for a circular accelerator is used to evaluate the equations of motion, the action, and betatron oscillations in an accelerator. From this base, we explore the impact of field errors and nonlinear resonances. This part ends with the concept of the distribution function and an introduction to the kinetic equation to describe large ensembles of charged particles and to supplement the previous single-particle analysis of beam dynamics. Part II focuses on classical electromagnetism and begins with an analysis of the electromagnetic field from relativistic beams, both in vacuum and in a resistive pipe. Plane electromagnetic waves and modes in waveguides and radio-frequency cavities are also discussed. The focus then turns to radiation processes of relativistic beams in different conditions, including transition, diffraction, synchrotron, and undulator radiation. Fundamental concepts such as the retarded time for the observed field from a charged particle, coherent and incoherent radiation, and the formation length of radiation are introduced. We conclude with a discussion of laser-driven acceleration of charged particles and the radiation damping effect. Appendices on electromagnetism and special relativity are included, and references are given in some chapters as a launching point for further reading. This text is intended for graduate students who are beginning to explore the field of accelerator physics, but is also recommended for those who are familiar with particle accelerators but wish to delve further into the theory underlying some of the more pressing concerns in their design and operation.
Why are some problems easy to solve, while others seem nearly impossible? What can we compute with a given amount of time or memory, and what cannot be computed at all? How will quantum physics change the landscape of computation? This book gives a playful and accessible introduction to the deep ideas of theoretical computer science.